Friday, September 20, 2019

Homework Number 1-12 (09/20/2019)

Vocabulary Quiz (09/20/2019)

Please write the vocabulary word that will complete each sentence on your index card.  Write the number and the vocabulary word.  Do not copy the sentence.

1.     A ­­­­(n)­_____________ is a living thing made up of at least one cell.
2.     Your _____________ is made up of all the microorganisms that are living inside of you.
3.     You cannot see bacteria without a microscope because bacteria are _____________.
4.     A(n)_____________ allows you to show how big or small something is by comparing it to something else.
5.     Cells are made up of _____________.
6.     Cells are measured with a unit called a _____________ (one-millionth of a meter).
7.     A(n) _____________ is the smallest unit we discussed (one-billionth of a meter).
8.     C. difficile and C. jejuni are two types of _____________.
9.     You should always use _____________ to support your claim.

10.  Your _____________ explains how your evidence supports your claim.

Science
Read the fact page on C. difficile bacteria (posted below).  


  1. Write down three facts that are “relevant” to our work in class.  (Remember, we are trying to convince Senator Naismith that we need money to research fecal transplants.)
  2. Write down one question about C. difficile that you would like to research.  (What else do you want to know?)

link to fact page  (post the actual page!)


What is C. diff?

Clostridioides difficile (also known as C. diff) is a bacterium that causes diarrhea and colitis (an inflammation of the colon).
It’s estimated to cause almost half a million illnesses in the United States each year.
About 1 in 5 patients who get C. diff will get it again.
Within a month of diagnosis, 1 in 11 people over age 65 died of a healthcare-associated C. diff infection.
Risk Factors for C. diff
antibiotics pill and girl - icon
Most cases of C. diff occur when you’ve been taking antibiotics.
There are other risk factors:
  • Being 65 or older
  • Recent hospitalizations
  • A weakened immune system
  • Previous infection with C. diff or known exposure to the germs
Symptoms of C. diff
C. diff diarrhea
Symptoms might develop within a few days after you begin taking antibiotics.
  • Diarrhea including loose, watery stools (poop) or frequent bowel movements for several days
  • Fever
  • Stomach tenderness or pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
What if I have symptoms?
c. diff doctor
If you have been taking antibiotics recently and have symptoms of C. diff, you should see a doctor.
  • Developing diarrhea is fairly common while on, or after taking, antibiotics, but in only a few cases will that diarrhea be caused by C.diff. If your diarrhea is very severe, do not delay getting medical care.
  • Your doctor will review your symptoms and order a lab test of a stool (poop) sample.
  • If the test is positive, you’ll take an antibiotic (e.g. vancomycin or fidaxomicin) for at least 10 days. If you were already taking an antibiotic, your healthcare provider might ask you to stop taking it if they think it’s safe to do so.
  • Your doctor might decide to admit you to the hospital, in which case your healthcare providers will use certain precautions, such as wearing gowns and gloves, to prevent the spread of C. diff to themselves and to other patients.
Is C. diff contagious?
wash hands
Yes. To keep from spreading C. diff to to others:
  • Wash hands with soap and water.
  • Try to use a separate bathroom if you have diarrhea.
  • Take showers and wash with soap.

Can I get C. diff again?
C. diff reinfected again
Some people get C. diff over and over again.
  • One in 5 people who’ve had C. diff will get it again.
  • If you start having symptoms again, go back to your doctor.
  • For those with repeat infections, innovative treatments, including fecal microbiota transplants, have shown promising results (see the “Life After C. diff page).

Social Studies
Read and answer the questions for documents 4-6


 Annotate each document.  (If you do not underline and annotate, you will not receive any credit.)  Remember, the purpose of answering the document questions and annotating the text is to get information that will help you answer the document based essay question: “How advanced were the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan civilizations?  What were their major accomplishments?”


(The document set will count as 50 point homework grade when we finish it.  Have it with you each day until I collect it.)

You DO NOT have to write the essay tonight.

Thursday, September 19, 2019

Homework Number 1-11 (09/19/2019)

Science 
Rewrite your letter to Senator Robert Naismith on loose-leaf paper.  Follow the success criteria. (50 points)

  1. Indent/Topic Sentence.
  2. Include a clear claim about the importance of your research.
  3. Include at least two pieces of evidence to support your claim.
  4. Include a summary sentence.
  5. Include a salutation (“Dear Senator Naismith”) and a closing (“Sincerely”).

You will have an open-book vocabulary quiz tomorrow.


Classwork:
These two arguments both answer the question Why did Patient 23 feel sick during week 3?
Which of these arguments is more convincing? Explain your thinking in your notebook..

Argument One: Patient 23 felt sick during week 3 because he was infected with the C. jejuni bacteria. From “The Human Microbiome” article, I know that “this kind of C. jejuni infection can cause diarrhea, vomiting, and fever—all the symptoms of food poisoning.” These symptoms match the doctor’s note for Patient 23 for week 3. When Patient 23 felt healthy during week 1, the C. jejuni bacteria was not present in his gut microbiome. In week 3, when he felt sick, C. jejuni was present. Therefore, C. jejuni is probably the cause of his sickness


Argument Two: Patient 23 felt sick during week 3 because he was infected with the C. jejuni bacteria. C. jejuni is very bad for you. He probably ate something spoiled. My sister got food poisoning once.


Social Studies
Read and answer the questions for documents 1-3 in your packet. (Write in your packet.)
Annotate each document. (If you do not underline and annotate, you will not receive any credit.) 

Remember, the purpose of answering the document questions and annotating the text is to get information that will help you answer the document based essay question: “How advanced were the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan civilizations?  What were their major accomplishments?”

(The document set will count as 50 point homework grade when we finish it.  Have it with you each day until I collect it.)

You DO NOT have to write the essay tonight.

Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Homework Number 1-10 (09/18/2019)

Science
In your notebook, write a letter to Senator Robert Naismith (from the video).  Identify yourself as a scientist and explain why it is important that you receive funding (money) to continue your research on fecal (“poop”) transplants.  Use at least three content vocabulary words in your letter. Click on the link below and search for “bacteria” if you want to include additional information.


Your letter must have a salutation (“Dear Senator Naismith,”) and a closing.



sample letter

You will have a vocabulary quiz on Friday.  Make sure you have all vocabulary words defined in your dictionary.



Social Studies
Review the facts that you copied during class.  (You may also gather new facts from the website or the video on the links below.) Answer the following questions in your notebook:


  1. Which fact is your favorite?  Why?
  2. Pick two facts and explain how they could be related to each other.
  3. If you could explore any of these topics in more detail, which topic would it be?  Why?